Pulmonology Pulmonology
Pulmonol 2018;24:86-98 - Vol. 24 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.10.009
Review
New drugs and perspectives for new anti-tuberculosis regimens
S. Tiberia,b, M. Muñoz-Torricoc, R. Duarted, M. Dalcolmoe, L. D’Ambrosiof,g, G.-B. Migliorig,,
a Barts Health NHS Trust, Royal London Hospital, Division of Infection, 80 Newark Street, E1 2ES London, United Kingdom
b Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, E1 2AB London, United Kingdom
c Clínica de Tuberculosis, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias – INER – Ciudad de México, Mexico
d National Reference Centre for MDR-TB, Hospital Centre Vila Nova de Gaia, Department of Pneumology, Public Health Science and Medical Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
e Hélio Fraga Reference Center, Fiocruz/MoH, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
f Public Health Consulting Group, Lugano 6900, Switzerland
g World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Fondazione S. Maugeri, IRCCS (Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Sceintifico), Via Roncaccio 16, Tradate 21049, Italy
Received 15 October 2017, Accepted 25 October 2017
Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is the ninth cause of global death, more than any other infectious disease. With growing drug resistance the epidemic remains and will require significant attention and investment for the elimination of this disease to occur. With susceptible TB treatment not changing over the last four decades and the advent of drug resistance, new drugs and regimens are required.

Recently, through greater collaboration and research networks some progress with significant advances has taken place, not withstanding the comparatively low amount of resources invested. Of late the availability of the new drugs bedaquiline, delamanid and repurposed drugs linezolid, clofazimine and carbapenems are being used more frequently in drug-resistant TB regimens.

The WHO shorter multidrug-resistant tuberculosis regimen promises to reach more patients and treat them more quickly and more cheaply.

With this new enthusiasm and hope we this review gives an update on the new drugs and perspectives for the treatment of drug-susceptible and drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Abbreviations
MDR, XDR, TB
Pulmonol 2018;24:86-98 - Vol. 24 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.10.009